Common Causes of Foot Pain and How to Manage it

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    Everyone has probably experienced foot pain at least once in their lives. Foot pain can be caused by different factors, which will be discussed below in detail, along with their management.

    Bone Spurs

    What are bone spurs? They are actually small pockets of extra bone that form within a bone. They can be found in all bones in the body, but are most often found in those that were injured before the age of 15. They are normally small and are non-threatening, but can be quite painful.

    Bone spurs can be found in cartilage that is worn down due to age, in the joints between bones, in a cavity that is not completely closed, or in the bone itself. Bones that have become too weak, too fragile, or damaged by the disease have an increased chance of developing spurs. Learn more about bone spurs at .

    The symptoms of bone spurs include aching joints, pain, swelling and even difficulty walking. If you’re suffering from these, then there’s a good chance that you have bone spurs. If the pain continues and you cannot walk or even sleep, then you may have a particularly bad case of them.

    Bone spurs can be treated by the following:

    1  Reducing inflammation

    2  Avoiding re-injury 

    3 Reducing the risk of future bone loss 

    4 Surgery, if your condition doesn’t improve with non-invasive treatments

    Poorly Fitted Footwear

    One of the most common causes of foot pain is footwear. Shoes that are fitted correctly to your foot should fit snugly, without being too loose or too tight. If it’s too tight then it can put undue pressure on the tendons, muscles, and ligaments in your feet. If you wear high heels consistently, then you will likely develop foot pain over time. That’s why it’s important to be careful with the type of shoes you choose.

    Bunions

    Bunions are actually quite common. Most people suffer from them to some degree at one point or another in their lives. However, because the condition itself isn’t really that damaging to your feet, many people don’t realize they have them until they feel the pain and have to go to the doctor.

    As you can imagine, this can really affect your quality of life. If you have pain in the front of your foot, then you’ll probably be less likely to walk around with confidence. It keeps you from going out and doing things.

    Here’s how to manage bunions:

    a Shoe Inserts: Custom shoe orthotics (or shoe inserts) relieve joint pressure, and balance the person’s weight in a beneficial way.

    b Change Shoes: Make sure to wear properly fitting, comfortable shoes with enough space for your toes.

    c Ice Application: Applying ice to your bunion helps to relieve soreness and reduce swelling. See your doctor before you apply ice if you have blood circulation issues.

    d Bunion Pads: Over-the-counter, nonmedicated bunion pads or cushions may be helpful; these serve as a buffer between the shoe and the foot to ease foot pain.

    e Medications: Relieve foot pain with Acetaminophen (such as Tylenol), naproxen sodium (such as Aleve) or ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin IB, among others). Also, cortisone injections may help to relieve moderate to severe foot pain.

    Over-pronated Foot 

    Over-pronation is a problem that many people have, even though they may not realize it. If you over-pronate, then you will find that your arch collapses while walking, causing the foot to sink down in the shoe.

    Overweight

    Foot pain due to being overweight is especially common in those who also have diabetes. There are a number of things that overweight people’s feet can develop over time, such as calluses which are formed as a result of people walking or running in their feet or socks, and ulcerations due to diabetes complications. This can also cause foot ulcers, because the skin on the area can become infected and that surrounding the infection can become thick, making it more difficult to treat.

    By eating a healthy diet that contains enough protein, vitamins, and minerals, you stand a better chance of avoiding having a problem with your feet in the future.

    Poor Foot Hygiene

    People who don’t take proper care of their feet can also develop foot problems. A good example is if people don’t take the time to keep their feet clean and dry, then this can cause a buildup of bacteria or fungi, which can lead to a yeast infection.

    Inflammatory Foot Conditions

    There are also some inflammatory medical conditions, which can be caused by things such as arthritis. Both can cause swelling and tenderness, which only serve to emphasize the pain that you’re feeling.

    Foot Pain Common Causes Infographic

    Here are some other common causes of foot pain:

    a Foot Ulcers: This condition can occur in many different parts of the foot, such as the heel, toes, and sides of the foot, and they are caused by friction or injury of the tissue surrounding the joints.

    b Plantar Fasciitis: The most common problem people experience with their feet is called plantar fasciitis, which is also known as heel spurs. This condition causes pain in the heel of the foot. In some people, the pain does not occur for several weeks or months after the initial symptoms, and it is only when the condition worsens and becomes a permanent problem that they seek medical help.

    Avulsion Fracture

    An avulsion fracture refers to a structural injury to the bone, usually where a ligament or tendon attaches. Foot and ankle fractures can often lead to significant pain, especially during the initial weeks following the injury. This pain often affects mobility in a person’s foot.

    Some of the most common symptoms of an avulsion fracture are a pain when walking, running or standing, and stiffness in the leg and/or lower back area. If you find yourself experiencing any of these symptoms, it is a good idea to go to the doctor and have your bones examined. A diagnosis of an avulsion fracture can help the doctor determine what treatment will be best for you.

    Check the following possible treatments for avulsion fracture:

    a  One of the most effective treatments involves taking calcium supplements to strengthen your bones.

    b Your doctor may recommend some forms of to teach you how to increase your muscle strength. These treatments can help the bone to repair itself and keep it strong.

    c One of the treatment options for this condition is surgery. When surgery is performed, the doctor will often remove the damaged area of the bone, making sure to correct any deformity caused by trauma. 

    Injuries

    Many people suffer from foot injuries at work or other locations. A broken toe is most commonly the result of a bad fall or a slip. Heavy objects may also drop onto your foot and break the bone, which can just as easily happen in your own home as it can anywhere else. Try to be careful around the house, but when exposed to potential hazards make sure to wear the proper footwear and protect your feet.

    When seeking medical attention at work, you should speak to your employer immediately and inform them that you are injured. It is important to describe your condition and any injuries or damages that you have sustained to your company doctor and supervisor. Your employer can also provide information on their accident reporting system to provide medical aid for you.

    General Management For Foot Pain

    First off, let’s talk about some foot care basics. The thing about feet is that they’re delicate. This means that you should always keep them clean and dry, and avoid using harsh soaps or perfumes. Also, it should go without saying, but never use a shoe brush on your feet.

    If you’re serious about wanting to care for your feet, then you’ll need to pay attention to them every day. For instance, never use shoes that are too tight or too loose. Tight shoes can make it difficult for you to move freely, without feeling like you’re wearing an ankle bracelet. Keep your feet at a natural arch. This will prevent them from slipping when walking.

    If you are experiencing foot pain, then it’s important to visit your doctor. Even though there are many common causes, it’s better to be safe than sorry when it comes to treatment. If you suffer from a foot injury, then you’ll want to get help immediately.

    The doctor will be able to assess your condition and recommend the best way to treat it. The best treatments for foot pain often involve the use of heat therapy, surgery or other treatments.

    Conclusion

    It’s important to remember that foot pain can be caused by many different things. Bone spurs, bunions, foot injuries and inflammatory conditions could all easily be the culprit. Determine the cause of the foot pain before seeking a solution to it – visit the doctor.

    If the cause is poor foot care, then you may need to make some changes to your daily routine. For more severe foot pain, it may be necessary to see a podiatrist. Podiatrists are doctors who specialize in foot problems, and will almost definitely point you in the right direction treatment-wise. They can also prescribe specific medications that will help to alleviate and treat foot pain.